In patients with liver disease, such as viral hepatitis In the comprehensive treatment of liver cirrhosis and fatty liver, in addition to the treatments such as mental health, medical treatment, proper exercise and reasonable rest, the most basic diet nutrition conditioning. “People eat food for the sky”, the body’s seven essential nutrients such as water, protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and dietary fiber are all obtained from our daily diet, which is the basis for our survival. Nature is also the basis for our disease prevention, disease prevention and disease treatment.
For patients with liver disease, a reasonable diet is beneficial to the prognosis and rehabilitation of the disease. Of course, everyone and every liver disease have their own characteristics of diet should be taboo. The dietary contraindications of the patients with liver disease proposed by the author here apply to most patients with liver diseases. This basic “three essentials” and “three nos” are also the basis and prerequisite for personalized diet for each patient with liver disease.
Heal disease patients diet “three essentials”
One must consume sufficient quality protein
protein As a constituent material of all cells, tissues and organs, its important role is naturally self-evident. The repair of liver cells naturally requires protein as a raw material. Therefore, a sufficient amount of high-quality protein intake is required daily to ensure cell repair. Protein-rich foods are diverse, but patients with liver disease should try to eat foods rich in high-quality protein.
What is high quality protein? The closer the protein amino acid pattern of the food protein is to the amino acid pattern of the human protein, the more favorable it is to the renewal and repair of the body protein. The potential nutritional value of this protein is higher, so it is called high-quality protein or complete protein, such as egg, milk, lean meat. Most animal proteins such as fish and soy protein.
But the protein intake should be reasonable, and excess protein will increase the burden on the liver. Therefore, it is sufficient to supply about 90 g of protein per day.
Second to control the supply of calories
The total daily calorie diet is between 1800-2600 kcal. Protein, fat and carbohydrates provide energy to the body. But for a normal healthy diet, 65% of the body’s calories should be provided by carbohydrates and 20% by fat. Therefore, in the daily diet, you should eat more foods such as cereals, potatoes, and beans in the form of starch. Monosaccharides or disaccharides such as sucrose added to cakes, desserts, drinks, etc. are easily absorbed quickly after ingestion, and then converted into fat storage, which is highly susceptible to fatty liver in both normal and liver disease patients.
Three supplements with sufficient vitamins
Vitamins are directly involved in the metabolism of various substances in the liver, maintaining the basic functions of the cells and the activities of enzymes required for substance metabolism. . For example, vitamin A has a function of protecting the liver and can prevent liver cancer. B vitamins promote metabolism in the body and are indispensable substances for converting sugar, fat, protein and the like into heat. Vitamin C can increase the activity of liver enzymes, strengthen the decomposition and excretion function, and is an essential substance for patients with liver diseases. Vitamin E has an antioxidant effect, which prevents damage to the liver caused by lipid peroxides and accelerates fat metabolism. All kinds of fruits and vegetables are rich in vitamins and should be eaten more.
Diet of liver disease patients” “Don’t”
Don’t drink alcohol
The wine is very harmful to the liver. Alcohol (ethanol) enters the liver cells and passes through some enzymes. The effect is oxidized to acetaldehyde. Acetaldehyde has obvious toxic effects on hepatocytes, directly or indirectly leading to degeneration, necrosis and fibrosis of hepatocytes, and can develop into cirrhosis in severe cases. People who drink alcohol for a long time are particularly prone to alcoholic liver disease, alcoholic hepatitis, alcoholic fatty liver, alcoholic liver fibrosis, and alcoholic cirrhosis.
Two don’t smoke
Smoke is harder than alcohol, so many smokers, even after learning that they have liver disease, can hardly quit. Some people even think that it is enough to stop drinking, and the smoke does not hurt as much as alcohol. You should know that tobacco contains dozens of harmful substances, such as carcinogenic benzopyrene, toxic nicotine and other chemical derivatives, which need to be detoxified and excreted in the liver, so smoking will increase the burden on the liver. Recovery is extremely unfavorable.
Three don’t mess up
As long as you follow a reasonable diet and ensure a balanced diet, it will be of great help in the treatment and recovery of liver disease. Indiscriminate use of supplements sometimes does not work, but increases the burden on the liver.
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