Dermatologist's tips to avoid dry, cracked skin this season.
Winter weather is now the worst, and there are signs of dryness on your skin – rough and scaly texture, feeling of tightness and itching, maybe even cracking and burning – this is winter, but you can protect yourself.
Why is winter hard on your skin?
Cold weather outside and hot, dry indoor air draws out skin water to damage the skin barrier. Important barrier lipids are lost, and skin protein is damaged. These are “snowballs” metaphorically, until the cracked irritant dermatitis does not hurt, it does not itch and does not leave inflamed skin.
What are the main skin care mistakes that cause winter itching and cracking in winter?
- Using hot water to shower and wash your hands.
Hot water removes oil from the skin. Add a harsh soap and you get the perfect storm for lost skin lipids. Hot water also stimulates inflammation, increasing blood circulation. That's why your skin turns red after a hot shower. Reduce the temperature of the water and be careful with your winter skin.
- Do not switch your humidifier in the winter to richer and more moisturizing products.
Summer moisture drains less water from your skin. Winter sucks water straight. Damaged lipids and skin proteins make the skin even more vulnerable. Choose a moisturizer with oils that helps restore lost lipids. Look for botanical oils that can replace lost skin oils, including jojoba, sunflower, avocado, kukui, castor seeds, pomegranate, rosehip, coconut, ceramides, squalane. Oils such as shea and cocoa are also time-tested emollients.
Products with water-binding ingredients are also important, such as glycerin, hyaluronic acid, and sodium PCA (part of your skin's natural moisturizing factor). Add to your moisturizing face cream a few drops of booster oil, which enriches the healing properties of moisturizers for the face.
- Do not apply moisturizer correctly.
Moisturizers work best when applied within 3 minutes after the skin has dried after washing or washing. They should also be applied morning and night. Chapped hands should be applied with a moisturizer many times a day after washing.
- Use harsh soaps to cleanse the skin.
In winter, use only mild detergents for bathing. Use only gentle foaming liquid hand soaps that are completely washed off; the remaining soap residue pulls out lipids and will damage the protein of the skin even after you have wiped your hands with a towel and moved away from the sink.
- Forgetting often moisturize lips.
The skin of the lips has lower barrier strength and cracks easily, as you know. Keep a hypoallergenic lip balm on hand and apply it frequently. Always use it before bedtime. Avoid allergens in lip balms that cause cracking and “lip balm.” Ingredients to avoid: camphor, menthol, flavoring and salicylic acid.
- Skip sun protection.
Yes, the sun feels softer in winter, but its damage is still real. The winter sun can burn and cause sun spots, wrinkles and skin cancer. Wear a wide range of SPF 30+ products throughout the year to exposed skin. Doubtful? Get my UV Detecto ring and watch the beads change color – a focal point that they only do if they have UV rays harmful to their skin!
- Exposing the hands and face to the elements.
Severe weather pulls water out of the skin. Cover your hands with gloves and apply as much of your face as possible with a scarf or clutch for the face.
What do I recommend for winter skin care? Moisturizers and hypo-allergenic moisturizers to survive the winter:
Hand cream for dry skin
Daily face cream for normal and dry skin (my best choice)
Daily face cream for oily and normal skin (for skin prone to acne)
Instant light serum with bright light (filled with aqueous binders and great for applying under a moisturizer if your skin is very dehydrated)
Omega Enriched Face Booster Oil (omega enriched with borage oil to restore the skin barrier and reduce inflammation)
Ultra hypoallergenic booster oil for the face
Foaming Hand Cleansers
Bar Naturally Best soap (natural cleanser for the face and body for the whole family)
VaniCream Cleansing Bar (CINDET with a neutral pH, suitable for the face and body of the whole family)
Natural Lip Balm
Want to avoid skin care mistakes in the winter and have a healthier, more hydrated skin?
Check out the products listed in this blog and see Dr. Bailey's advice for dry skin care here.
about the author
Dr. Bailey Skin Care